Key points and recommendations
- Equipment production has increasingly become international, as have international backbone operations; access infrastructures, however, are mostly locally bound, while services and content can increasingly be delivered internationally. These developments have affected, and will affect more and more, national regulations and the interrelationships between national and international regulations.
- Tariffs for international circuit switched services are still well above costs, in the fixed and especially in the mobile area. With the liberalization of communication and the establishment of independent regulators, the possibilities for lowering these tariffs have increased. New technologies and the bypass of international settlement systems also lead in that direction.
- The processes of liberalization and internationalization of communication has led to decreasing influence of public institutions on international organizations and forums. To the extent this is considered a problem, working for the general improvement of the influence of public institutions in the different kinds of international organizations is important, and one of the ways forward is south-south cooperation between regulators.
Toolkit user contributions for this section