Radiation standards refer to electromagnetic emissions which, at certain frequencies, may be harmful to life or some other concern to public safety. The spectrum manager is not typically responsible for conducting the research and determining the scientific basis for that concern. Other agencies of government such as the Ministry of Health and public and private research institutes conduct research to substantiate concerns. Once a decision by government on policy or regulation has been reached however, the spectrum management authority may need to take certain measures such as making modifications to radiocommunication equipment standards to ensure public safety.
The study of radiation effects on humans occurs at the national and international level. For instance, the World Health Organization studies radiation effects. The International Union of Radio Sciences in its Commission K addresses the effects of emissions on human health.