Practice Notes

Jump to:

1 Overview
2 Competition and Price
3 Authorization of Services
4 Universal Access and Service
5 Radio Spectrum Management
6 Legal and Institutional Framework

1 Overview


Case Study Converged Regulator: Ofcom [6.1.1]

Case Study Multi-Sector Regulator: Latvian Public Utilities Commission (PUC) [6.1.1]

Case Study Single Sector Regulator - Instituto das Comunicações de Portugal (ICP-ANACOM) [6.1.1]

Case Study Single Sector Regulator: Botswana Telecommunications Authority (BTA) [6.1.1]

Facilitating Cooperation between Regulatory Agencies – Memorandums of Understanding and Cooperation Protocols

Independence of the Polish Regulator

Interconnection Principles Contained in the WTO Regulation Reference Paper

Public (Municipal) Initiatives

The municipal wireless broadband networks in Knysna and Tshwane in South Africa

Using the Web to Increasing Licensing Transparency

2 Competition and Price


Anguilla: Disapproval of Proposed Interconnection Agreement

Barbados: Price Cap Decision

Barbados: Regulation of Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)

Benchmarking: Adjusting for Exchange Rates

Botswana: Interconnection Dispute Resolution

Canada: Misuse of Information and \"Win-Back\" Behaviour

Commonly Used Cost Models

Comparative Approaches to Price Squeezes and Abuse of Dominance

Cost Analysis for FTTH

Digital Dividend Spectrum

EU Telecoms Reform Package [1]

European Union: International Roaming in Member Countries

Final Offer Arbitration [1]

Forms of Arbitrage

Forms of Competition

Forms of Market Failure

Functional Separation

Hong Kong: Price Regulation

Infrastructure Sharing in India – An Imperative for Sustained Growth

Interconnection Principles Contained in the WTO Regulation Reference Paper

Ireland – The Role of Own-Use Requirements in Access Disputes

Issues dealt with in Interconnection Agreements

Jamaica: Cable & Wireless Reference Interconnection Offer

Jamaica: The Benefits of Mobile Competition

KPNQwest/ Ebone/ GTS Horizontal Merger

Malaysia: Defining the Communications Market

Mobile International Roaming among Arab Countries

Mobile Sharing in the European Union

Mobiles: Customer Lock-In

MVNOs Classification and Marketing strategies

National Roaming

Network Neutrality

New Zealand Commerce Commission v. Telecom Corporation of New Zealand Limited and Telecom New Zealand Limited

New Zealand: Using Competition Law to Regulate Interconnection

Ofcom: Principles for Regulation

Peering and Transit

Quantitative Tests for Market Power

Regulatory Forbearance in Canada

Regulatory Implications of VoIP

Sharing Mobile Network Infrastructure in India

Structural Separation

Tariff Structures and Rebalancing: ITU-D Study Group 1

Telia/ Sonera Merger

The U.S. Pacific Bell Price Squeeze Case

Two-Sided Markets

United States: Rules to Prevent Misuse of Information

United States: Unbundling

United States-Mexico Telecommunications WTO Dispute

Vertical Price Squeeze Charge Against Deutsche Telekom

White Spaces Spectrum [1]

3 Authorization of Services


3G Licence Results: Asia Pacific and Canada

3G Licence Results: Europe

3G Licensing Case Studies

Approaches to Transitioning to New Authorization Regimes

Australia and Singapore-Facilities-Based and Service-Based Licensing

Authorization Fees and the EU Authorisation Directive

Authorization Policies

Bahrain -Second Mobile Operator Licensing Schedule -2003

Belgium – Public Consultation on Mobile Telephony- 1999

Belgium –3G Licensing Process Schedule

Best Practice Guidelines for Spectrum Auctions

Botswana: Multi-service Authorization Regime

Brazil- Multimedia Communications Services

Canada – Licence Fees Regulations

Conditions of General Authorizations

Convergence in the EU Regulatory Framework

Estonia- 3G Tender Information Document-2004

France- 3G Licensing Consultation Document- 1999

General Authorizations in the EU Regulatory Framework

Greece – 2G and 3G Licensing Consultation

Greece: The General Authorization Licensing Process

Hong Kong, China – Consultations on the Licensing Framework for Unified Carrier Licences

Hong Kong, China – Transition to the Unified Carrier Licensing Regime

Hong Kong, China- Liberalization of Fixed Networks Consultation Document- 2001

India – Transition to the Unified Authorization Regime Chronology

India – Unified Licensing Regime Consultation Paper

India- ‘Unified’ Access Service Licensing

India- Regional Authorization

India's Communications Convergence Bill

Information Required in Open Entry Notifications and General Authorization Licensing Procedures

Institutional and Organization Changes in the Era of Convergence

Ireland – Transition to the General Authorisation Regime

ITU Case Study: India’s Unified Authorization Regime

Jamaican Agreement to Terminate CWJ Monopoly

Japan- Registration or Notification

Jordan – Mobile Operator Licence Consultation

Jordan- Pre-qualification Notice for 3rd Mobile Licence- 2003

Kenya -- Consultation on the Implementation of a Unified Licensing Framework

Kenya- Prequalification Notice for a SNO Licences- 2003

Licensing Criteria for the Issuance of Unified and Multi-Service Authorizations

Licensing International Services in Canada

Licensing Pre-Qualification Criteria

Licensing Qualification Criteria

Licensing Qualification Criteria: Selected Country Examples

Licensing Selection Criteria

Lithuania- Notification and General Authorizations

Malaysia- Licensing for Convergence

Managing the Transition to a General Authorization or Open Entry Regime

Nepal -- Request for Applications for a Licence to Provide Rural Telecommunications Service (RTS) in the Eastern Development Region

Nepal – Rural Telecommunications Services Licensing Schedule

Nigeria – Qualification Criteria for Unified Access Service Licences Applicable to Existing Licensees

Nigeria – Unified Access Service Licence

Norway- 3G Licensing Document- 2000

OECS Agreement to Terminate C&W Monopoly

One-time Fees and Recurring Fees

One-Time Initial Authorization Fees in Selected Countries, 2007

Process for Issuing General Authorizations

Public (Municipal) Initiatives

Public Consultation Processes

Reducing the Administrative Burden in Licensing

Refarming of Spectrum Resources

Registration Forms for General Authorizations

Regulation and Convergence in Ireland

Saudi Arabia – Data Services Licensing Consultation

Saudi Arabia -- General Authorization Framework

Saudi Arabia – Pre-Qualification for Data Services Licensing

Saudi Arabia – Schedule for Data Services Licensing Process

Saudi Arabia- Pre-qualification for Cellular Mobile Services Licensing

Saudi Arabia- Telecommunications Bylaw

Select Examples of the Implementation of the EU Authorization Directive

Selection Mechanisms in Comparative Perspective

Simplification of Authorizations

Singapore – Categories of Multi-Service Authorizations

Singapore – Licensing Process for Issuing Multi-Service Authorizations

Socio-Economic Benefits of Lower Authorization Fees

South Africa – Individual Licence Amendment Provisions in the Electronic Communications Act

Summary of EU Authorisation Directive

Summary of the EU Framework Directive

Switzerland - Invitation to Tender for GSM Licences - 2003

Switzerland- GSM Telecom Services Licensing Schedule

Tanzania – Authorizations in the Converged Licensing Framework

Tanzania – Multi-Service Licensing Processes and Procedures

Tanzania – The Converged Licensing Framework

Tanzania – Weighted Evaluation Criteria for Issuance of Multi-Service Licences

Terms and Conditions Permitted Under the EU Authorisation Directive

The Australian Licensing Process

The Botswana Licensing Process

The Jamaican Licensing Process

The New UK Licensing Process

The Regulatory Framework for General Authorizations

The UK's OFCOM- A Converged Regulatory Authority

Trends in One-time Initial Authorization Fees

Trends in Recurring Authorization Fees

Trinidad & Tobago: Evaluation Criteria and Associated Weightings for Concession Applications

Uganda’s Multi-Service Authorization Regime

UK- Continuation of Licence Conditions

Using the Web to Increasing Licensing Transparency

4 Universal Access and Service


A demand study in rural areas of Mozambique

A staged approach to developing e-government

Australia and contestable USO provision

Botswana: Multi-service Authorization Regime

Canada’s Community Access Program (CAP)

Chile: Fondo de Desarrollo de las Telecomunicaciones

Colombia’s Compartel programme

Colombia’s universal access to community radio

Communications capabilities profiles

Debates about National Roaming in the EU

Different local radio models in France

Distance learning using VSATs in the Solomon Islands

Donor ICT for Development Programmes and Expenditures

Economic Valuation Factor

Examples of financial services using mobile phones

Examples of open source software

Examples of the role of ICTs in supporting the MDGs in Asia

Finding out what the necessities of life are and how many people lack them

Finland defines “universal service” to include 1 Mbit internet connection

FITEL’s telecentre experience in Peru

FTTH Projects

Guidelines for universal access and universal service in Western Africa

Infrastructure Sharing in India – An Imperative for Sustained Growth

Ireland’s regulation of broadband wireless access

Key Principles and approach to UASF policy implementation

Malawi Pilot – Prioritizing and selecting districts for UAS Project

Malaysia’s broadband plan – stimulating the private sector

Mobile Sharing in the European Union

Mobile Telecommunications Licensing in Botswana 1997

Model Outline for a UAS Policy

Models for Infrastructure Sharing: Ireland

Models for Infrastructure Sharing: Sweden’s Stokab

Models for Infrastructure Sharing: United States

Models of Public-Private Partnerships

National Roaming

Nomadic deployments in Norrbotten County in Sweden

Outline for manual of operating procedures for UASF

Output-Based Aid (OBA) explained

Peru: Experience of the FITEL payphone programme

Pirai municipal network

Programmes to boost household PC penetration

Public (Municipal) Initiatives

Public intervention to support broadband deployment in the EU

Public-Private Partnerships in the telecommunications and ICT sector

Rules for the recycling and disposal of electrical and electronic equipment in the EU

Rural community radio in South Africa

Rural community radios in Mali

Saudi Arabia -- General Authorization Framework

Service neutrality in the allocation of scarce resources

Sharing Mobile Network Infrastructure in India

Short wave radio in the Solomon Islands

Simple actions for improving the environmental effects of ICTs

Socio-Economic Benefits of Lower Authorization Fees

South Dundas Township and their broadband experience

Specific regional and poverty reduction impacts in Mongolia

Structural separation explained and applied

Table of Ministries, Policies and UAS/UASF Executing Agencies

The Alberta SuperNet experience

The eGranary digital library

The IEEE 1680 standard for the environmental performance of electronic equipment

The Loband web interface

The municipal wireless broadband networks in Knysna and Tshwane in South Africa

The prospects of achieving the WSIS targets, 2005

The Regulatory Framework for General Authorizations

The residential service obligations of the incumbent in New Zealand in 1990

The rural wireless broadband network in Chancay-Huaral Valley District in Peru

The rural wireless broadband network in Myagdi District in Nepal

The Western Australian Telecentre Network

The WSIS principles and commitments, 2003 and 2005

UAS Policy of the Republic of Ghana

Uganda’s application process for rural schools to have Internet access

Uganda’s Multi-Service Authorization Regime

Uganda’s Rural Communications Development Fund

5 Radio Spectrum Management


Best Practice Guidelines for Spectrum Auctions

Canada: On-line licencing services web site - Industry Canada

Canada: Policy Statements - Planning, Consultation (National and International)

Canada: Pricing Policies Cost Recovery

Canada: Spectrum Fee Regulations and Guide

Capacity Assessment Grids

Check-list for implementing spectrum markets

Cost Recovery in Australia and Cost Analysis in Canada

CRMO South Korea – Monitoring System Architecture

Definitions: Electromagnetic Interference (EMI)

Definitions: Spectrum Use Standards

Designing property rights for the operation of spectrum markets

EU Directive: Definitions for Mutual Recognition Agreement and Conformity Assessment Bodies

European Parliament and Council Decision on a Spectrum Policy ProgrammeArticle 8a(3) of Framework Directive 2002/21/EC as amended by Directive 2009/140/EC

FCC and ITU Regulations Concerning UWB

Guideline: Spectrum Management Regulatory Functions, Skills, and Institutional Capacity

Guidelines for Investing in Automated Systems_ITU-R SM.1370

Guidelines for Investing in Monitoring and DF Systems

Guidelines for Standard Terms of Reference for Spectrum Management Projects.

Inter American Convention on an International Amateur Radio Permits

ITU Publications

ITU Radio Regulations – Article 1, Definitions of Radio Services

Mauritius - Compliance with Technical Standards

New Zealand - International cooperation in spectrum management Ministry of Economic Development

New Zealand - Reallocation of Commercial Spectrum Rights

Ofcom Spectrum Usage Rights

Radiocommunication Act of Canada - R-2,1985, Revised 1989

Radiocommunication Services ITU Regulation

Refarming of Spectrum Resources

Selection Mechanisms in Comparative Perspective

Sharing Mobile Network Infrastructure in India

Spectrum Pricing: Administrative Incentive Prices

Spectrum Trading in Practice - ECOWAS

Spectrum Trading: Implementing Secondary Markets in the European Union

Training at ITU

Types of band managers

What is Spectrum Trading?

6 Legal and Institutional Framework


Adjudication in India [7.4.1]

Adjudication in Japan [7.4.1]

Box 3-5: United States Tripartite Review [3.3.2]

Box 6-4: OECD Guidelines on Dealing with Conflict of Interest Situations [6.5]

Box 7-10: UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Conciliation [7.4.1]

Box 7-12: Telecommunications-related Investment Disputes Outside the ICSID [7.1.4]

Box 7-8: Interconnection Disputes [7.4.1]

Box 7-9: Morocco’s Approach to Interconnection Dispute Resolution [7.4.1]

Case Study Converged Regulator: Ofcom [6.1.1]

Case Study Multi-Sector Regulator: Latvian Public Utilities Commission (PUC) [6.1.1]

Case Study Single Sector Regulator - Instituto das Comunicações de Portugal (ICP-ANACOM) [6.1.1]

Case Study Single Sector Regulator: Botswana Telecommunications Authority (BTA) [6.1.1]

Case Study: Conflict of Interest Regulations in Bahrain [6.5]

Different Approaches to Facilitate In-Band Migration [4.3.2]


EU Copyright Directive [4.4.3]

Examples of Data Retention Rules in Different Countries [4.4.4]

Facilitating Cooperation between Regulatory Agencies – Memorandums of Understanding and Cooperation Protocols

FCC Rules Regarding Emergency Calls for VoIP Service Providers (E911) [4.3.1]

Foreign Ownership in Canada [3.4.2]

Foreign Ownership in the United States [3.4.2]


In-Band Migration [4.3.2]

Licensing broadband wireless access in Switzerland and France

Licensing of Wireless Technology in Different Countries [4.3.2]

Regulatory Treatment of WiFi and WLAN [4.3.2]

Spam Legislation in Australia, China, Malaysia, and the United States [3.4.4]

Table 3-1: Countries Committing to WTO Reference Paper with Different Legal Traditions [3.1.2]

Table 3-2: Jamaica and Brazil - Comparison of Telecommunications Laws in Civil and Common Law System [3.1.3]

Table 3-5: Entity with Jurisdiction over Competition Issues in the Telcommunications Sector in Certain Countries with both a Telecommunications Regulator and Competition Authority [3.3.2]

Table 3-6: Foreign Telecommunications Ownership Restrictions in Selected Countries [3.4.2]

Table 4-2: Pros and Cons of Legislative Approach in Telecommunications/ICT Regulation [4.2.1]

Table 4-8: Licensing in Malaysia [4.5.3]

Table 5-1: Aspects of Effectiveness [5.1]

Table 6-1: Model 1 – Single-Sector Regulator [6.1.1]

Table 6-2: Model 2 – Converged Regulator [6.1.1]

Table 6-3: Model 3 – Multi-Sector Regulator (MSR) [6.1.1]

The American Arbitration Association (AAA) [7.4.1]

The Dispute over the Ownership of Egypt’s Mobinil

The International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) [7.4.1]

UK Office of Communications [4.4.1]

Understanding GATS [3.2.1]

US Copyright Directive [4.4.3]

VoIP Numbering schemes